Gurd's Diagnostic Criteria for Fat Embolism Syndrome

Diagnostic : 1 Major Signs and 3 Minor Signs

Diagnostic : 2 Major Signs and 2 Minor Signs
Major signs
      Hypoxia (PaO2 <60 mmHg and FiO2 >40%)
      CNS depression
Minor signs
      Tachycardia (HR >120 beats per minute)
      Pyrexia (Temp >39° C)
      Thrombocytopenia (Platelet count <150K)
      Fat globules in the urine or sputum
      Retinal emboli
      Decline in hemotocrit not due to blood loss or IV hydration




  1. Bulger EM, Smith DG, Maier RV, Jurkovich GJ. Fat embolism syndrome.A 10-year review. Arch Surg. 1997, 132: 435-439. PubMed Logo
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